This RJR Nabisco case study analysis looks deeper into how the stream of FCFs and tax shields were determined for the three different valuations methods, which are APV, WACC, and CAPV.

Richard S. Ruback

Harvard Business Review (289056-PDF-ENG)

July 12, 2002

### Case questions answered:

- For each of the three plans (Prebid, Management and KKR):

a) Calculate the free cash flow for each year

b) Estimate the tax shield for each year

c) Estimate the unlevered discount rate

d) Value RJR Nabisco - Estimate the stock price of RJR under each of these plans

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## Case answers for RJR Nabisco

This case solution includes an Excel file with calculations.

### RJR Nabisco Firm Value Calculations – Details and Assumptions

The value of the firm RJR Nabisco has been evaluated for three different scenarios using three different valuations methods, which are APV, WACC, and CAPV. This report delves deeper into how the stream of FCFs and tax shields were determined for these methods.

**Estimation of Tax Rates for each of the three buyout proposals:**

- Prebid – To calculate Profit Before Taxes (PBT), we deduct the interest expense from EBIT. From PBT, Net Income is subtracted to calculate the taxes & tax rates for each year.
- Management and KKR – PBT is calculated as operating income minus the net of interest expense and amortization amount.

**Estimation of Cash Flow for each of the three buyout proposals:** FCF = EBIT (1 – Tax Rate) + Depreciation – Capex – Changes in WC + Proceeds from asset sales

- Prebid – The EBIT numbers have been plugged from exhibit 5
- Management and KKR – EBIT numbers are calculated as Operating Income minus the Amortization value. For KKR, the noncash interest expense has been ignored.

Adopting the going concern principle, it is assumed that RJR Nabisco will continue to function profitably in the future. The cash flows from the 11th year (1999 onwards) have been assumed using the cash flow of 1998 as a base with a growth rate of 3% (approx. GDP growth for the US). Hence, the discounted cash flows for the 10th year include the…

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